Causes and Ways to Treat Vitiligo

What is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a skin disease that causes skin color to fade and produces contrasting color on the skin. This happens because the pigment substances in the body stop producing dyes. Some of the causes of vitiligo itself vary from problems of the overactive immune system, heredity, exposure to sunlight to stress. In addition, vitiligo is a disease that can occur in the long run if left untreated. Some treatments can be done to treat vitiligo such as using drugs and UVB light therapy for vitiligo.

Vitiligo Symptoms

Basically, vitiligo does not occur in an instant or inborn. Vitiligo is formed in some time that can not be determined and will stop in a certain area. Generally the symptoms of vitiligo is a fading of the hair, eyebrows, eyelashes and skin. Then, there can also be a loss of black on the eyes, nose to mouth. Generally, vitiligo sufferers can also experience itching and pain in the affected part of vitiligo. If exposed to the sun, the part affected by vitiligo will become rash. To be able to restore the basic color of the skin the doctor will give some treatment, one of which is UVB light therapy for vitiligo.

Treatment for vitiligo

If vitiligo is still in its early stages the possibility of healing will be higher. This is because the disease has not spread throughout the body. For this reason, it is necessary to consult a doctor if you find symptoms that indicate vitiligo in order to be treated further. In addition, doctors can usually determine the right treatment depending on the severity of vitiligo, age and various other considerations. Here are some treatments that can be done to restore skin color.

Some drugs that are usually given are topical medications such as corticosteroids. For vitiligo that has spread throughout the body the doctor will usually recommend light therapy. Light treatment for skin for vitiligo using ultraviolet light, namely ultaviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays that can help healing. Usually patients will be given drugs that can make the skin more sensitive to ultraviolet light. Light therapy is done three times in a week for a period of about 6 to 12 months.

Treatment by surgery can also be done by Skin Grafting, Blister Grafting, Micropigmention. This method is done with the aim to restore skin color. By means of surgery the results obtained will probably require a little longer for good results. This method of surgery is performed if UVB light therapy for vitiligo is unsuccessful. What needs to be known is knowing the right method for treating vitiligo, therefore a doctor’s consultation is needed first.

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