Vitiligo can be treated in several ways. However, which treatment is best for vitiligo will depend on some factors. These include the severity of your condition, location of the patches, size of the patches, and how widespread the patches are. The number of the patches and how you respond to certain treatments also contribute to When diagnosing your skin condition, your doctor will need to check your medical history. Additionally, to decide the best treatment for leucoderma, the doctor will also examine your skin in the first place. Most of the time, medical experts will diagnose vitiligo by using a special lamp. The evaluation of skin disease might also include a blood test or skin biopsy. For mild and moderate symptoms, home remedies for leucoderma might be helpful. These can be the use of sunscreen to protect your skin from sun exposure. You can also wear clothes with long sleeves to avoid sun exposure and make the condition worse. For medical treatments, the options include topical creams like corticosteroids to bring the white patches to the early stages and slow down the growth. As an alternative, your doctors might also suggest you take oral medications such as prescribed antibiotics and steroids. For a more progressive and faster treatment, the use of narrow UVB treatment is often recommended.
UVB Light Therapy for Vitiligo
Narrowband UVB (NB-UVB) light therapy is one of the most common treatments recommended for people with leucoderma or vitiligo. The effectiveness of UVB treatment for skin disorders has been admitted by dermatologists for a long time. Aside from the narrowband UVB light therapy, there is also broadband UVB light therapy commonly used to treat vitiligo and other skin disorders. While broadband UVB uses 270 to 390 nanometers of wavelength, the narrowband UVB utilizes 311 to 313 nanometers of wavelength. UVB phototherapy device is more popular because it comes with fewer side effects and less expensive than broadband UVB light therapy. Not only that but NB-UVB light phototherapy also requires shorter treatments. Patients with skin disorders usually need two or three times a week of therapy by using UVB light. In total, people with skin disorders need about two or three months of therapy for the best results. NB-UVB is also a kind of popular UV treatment for eczema and psoriasis. The improvement of the skin condition itself usually can be seen after 4 to 10 sessions of UVB light therapy.
UVB Light Therapy Side Effects
As for phototherapy side effects, possible risks that people will usually experience after the treatment include the increased sensitivity of light. Sometimes, phototherapy also leaves patients with redness, skin sore, and blisters. In some cases, NB-UVB therapy also changes the pigment of patients’ skin and increase the risks of skin cancer. Contraindications of light therapyalso include irradiation of the eyes and pulmonary tuberculosis. Another common contradiction of phototherapy is cardiac disease. Sometimes, the therapy will also lead patients to experience kidney issues, liver disease, fever, and increase the risk of systemic lupus erythematosus.