Causes of Vitiligo
Vitiligo is a disease that causes white patches to uneven skin tone. Vitiligo attacks parts of the body such as skin, hair and eyes. Vitiligo is initially small in shape but can expand over time or even stop in certain area. The causes of vitiligo also vary ranging from excessive sun exposure, heredity, stress, exposure to viruses and disorders of the immune system. However, immune system disorders are used as the main cause of vitiligo. For this reason, it is important to recognize the symptoms of vitiligo. If there are changes in color in the hair, skin, mouth or eyes, it is advisable to immediately visit a doctor to get first aid and vitiligo can be treated well, so as not to spread more. The treatment for vitiligo is adjusted to the extent of the area affected by vitiligo, age, gender and others. Some treatments include administering a cream drug, UV light for vertiligo treatment and surgical procedures.
UV light for vitiligo treatment
Light treatment for skin for vitiligo sufferers is done if vitiligo has spread throughout the body and treatment with drugs does not work to treat this disease. Light treatments use ultraviolet light, namely ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) light to restore skin tone. Before doing this treatment, patients will be given psoralen to be used first on the vitilig, so that the skin will be more sensitive to UV light. Laser treatment may take a long time and be consistent. Usually the time needed for therapy is 3 times a week for six to a year. To improve results more effectively UV light for vitiligo treatment is usually also accompanied by a laser.
Side effects of light therapy and tips to deal with it
There are several effects that may be caused by light therapy such as burning, damaging the skin, making premature aging to the risk of skin cancer. but this case usually occurs if the use of light therapy is not in accordance with the correct method. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a doctor to be able to get good treatment. For those who are undergoing skin color restoration with UV light for vitiligo treatment, avoid not using cream that is sold freely on the market. In addition, for the use of sunscreen can be adjusted. Exposure to direct sunlight can also help restore skin color so that patients are usually advised to use this therapy, but must be done with instructions from the doctor. Prolonged sun exposure is not recommended.