Have you ever seen anyone with white patches on the skin? If so, it could be that the person has vitiligo. This disease causes skin color to fade and can occur on the face, lips, hands, feet, and then spread to other parts of the body. Vitiligo can occur to anyone but is more prone to occur in adolescents undergoing 20 years. One of the therapies for vitiligo is vitiligo ultraviolet light therapy.
Why does vitiligo occur?
Skin discoloration in people with vitiligo is caused because the body stops producing pigments. The other disease is psoriasis and the one of the therapies is sun lamp for psoriasis. In contrast, white patches appear that contrast with the original skin color. Cessation of body pigment production due to genetic disorders, autoimmune diseases, stress, sunburn due to sunlight, and exposure to chemicals. alk to your doctor immediately if your hair, skin, and eyes fade. Because it could be, this color change is a sign of vitiligo. Usually, the doctor makes a diagnosis of vitiligo through a skin examination using ultraviolet light. After the diagnosis is established, people with vitiligo are given medication, phototherapy, and surgery.
How is Phototherapy received in people with Vitiligo?
Although known as yellow baby treatment (jaundice), phototherapy or vitiligo ultraviolet light therapy also includes an alternative treatment for people with vitiligo. Phototherapy is done if vitiligo has spread widely and cannot be activated with a topical medication. UV rays are exposed to areas of the skin that contain vitiligo. Before this procedure is performed, the person is given a psoralen so that the skin is more sensitive to UV light. Phototherapy is generally done three times a week for 6-12 months. This procedure is combined with laser therapy, prednisolone, vitamin D, and azathioprine drugs that are integrated into the immune system. Just like other therapies, phototherapy has side effects that need to be aware of. Exposure to UV rays that are exposed not according to standards can damage the skin, prevent premature aging, and increase the risk of skin cancer.
Phototherapy is done too often can protect the immune system (immunosuppressants), making the body vulnerable to disease infections. Other side effects that need to be watched are the eyes are more sensitive to light and the risk of cataracts increases. Photographs are not recommended for pregnant women, nursing mothers, people who have a family history of skin cancer, as well as people with liver and lupus.
What diseases can be treated with phototherapy?
Treatment depends on the type of disease determined. In addition to jaundice in newborns, the following diseases can be given using phototherapy: Skin problem. Besides vitiligo, skin problems that can be used using phototherapy are eczema and psoriasis. Temporary Treatment Results, need to be done regularly according to doctor’s orders. Side effects that need to be aware of are dry, itchy, reddish and nausea. Sleep disorders and liver disorders, such as affective disorders (SAD) or late sleep (delayed phase sleep syndrome). Even vitiligo ultraviolet light therapy is recommended, but talking about problem with the doctor is still important.